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If you’re like most new parents, you’re wondering why your baby is constantly scratching and reeking of heat rashes(prickly heat).
During summertime, heat can cause severe prickly heat on babies and young children due to changes in temperature and humidity that speed up blood flow through their tiny bodies, causing itching (especially when exposed to sunlight). When the body heats up, sweat glands become more active, which causes bacteria on the baby’s body surface. Heat rash on the baby’s neck, skin folds, buttocks, and any part of your body can be seen. Your baby might be tempted to take some over-the-counter cream or ointment, but before you do, you should know why these rashes are happening and what you can do about them.
In this article, we’ll answer all of your questions about heat rashes in babies, from the causes to the treatment. Check out this article to learn all you need to know about rashes in babies!
What causes heat rashes on babies?
Heat rash in babies is a common problem, and it’s usually caused by one or more of the following factors:
Babies sweat a lot – they’re meant to regulate their body temperature by sweating. But when a baby is hot and excited, they can overheat quickly, leading to a heat rash. You can help prevent these rash episodes by keeping your baby cool and comfortable on hot days – use plenty of shading in the sun, provide a cool bath or spray your baby with a water mist, and keep shaded during outdoor play.
2. Changing diapers often
Bathing your newborn can also cause them to sweat – which means more chances of developing a heat rash. Make sure to change diapers frequently enough that the diaper doesn’t become saturated (about every 2-3 hours), and use wipes instead of wet sheets if possible so you won’t add moisture back to the baby’s skin.
If your baby has an infection, like a cold or the flu, it can cause them to sweat more and develop a heat rash. Make sure to give your child antibiotics if they are symptomatic (fever high, body aches, redness) and follow up with a doctor if there is no improvement in symptoms within days.
If your baby is allergic to animals, dust mites, or other substances in the environment, they may develop a heat rash. It’s important to keep allergens away from your baby by using air conditioning if necessary during extreme weather conditions (e.g., hot and dry spells), using sealants on wood furniture that may contain allergens (e.g., pet dander), and keeping pets out of the house completely.
Types of heat rashes(Miliaria)in babies
Types of heat rash There are three types of heat rash:
1. Red, irritated, itchy skin that may blister. The majority of cases occur in infants and young children but can also occur in adults. The cause is unknown, but the combination of hot weather and an allergen (like a cat or dog) might be responsible. Treatment involves cooling the area with cool water baths or compresses and applying a topical cream or ointment such as calamine or hydrocortisone.
2. White, raised bumps that may be filled with fluid (purpura). They can occur on any skin area and are most common in infants and young children who are constantly sweaty due to frequent diaper changes. The bumps might itch but don’t usually cause pain or constipation. Treatment involves applying a topical cream such as corticosteroids or antibiotics prescribed by a doctor.
3. Brown, flat patches range in size from a few millimetres to several inches across. They occur mainly on the chest, back, and rectum and are caused by accumulated dried sweat (papules). The skin may feel dry but can also be tender if touched. Treatment involves using a topical cream or ointment such as calamine or hydrocortisone.
Signs of heat rashes in babies
If your baby has a prickly heat , look for these symptoms:
Heat rash can be hard to diagnose. It might look like other skin conditions, including eczema or psoriasis. Heat rash is more common in very hot or sweaty babies and in infants who are constantly changing their diapers. If you notice symptoms of heat rash in babies, make an appointment with a doctor. A skin rash needs to be diagnosed by a doctor. A heat rash won’t go away without treatment.
Heat rashes in babies treatment
In babies, treatment for heat rash usually involves wiping the infected area with a cool or room temperature moistened cloth. OTC cream such as hydrocortisone can be applied to lightly cover the affected areas and should be used in conjunction with regular daspng of those areas. This may provide some relief for mild cases. However, it will not completely cure them unless dermatitis is present that needs treatment outside heat rash therapy measures.” Shiny patch” is a term that refers to heat rash on the trunk. It can be treated effectively with repeated application of water-soaked needled fibres, resulting in reduction and sometimes complete resolution of symptoms within 72 hours.
In severe cases, sufferers may use antihistamines such as hydroxyzine or erythromycin without significant relief, although hydrocortisone cream is generally
includes applying a topical cream such as calamine or hydrocortisone and cooling the skin with cool water baths or compresses.
Your doctor will probably recommend cooling the affected area. You can use a cool washcloth or put your baby in a cold bath.
You can also apply an ice pack to the rash.
Your doctor may prescribe oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine, or antihistamine nose sprays containing chlorpheniramine maleate. If a mild rash that is treated in this manner does not go away after three to five days, it will likely need treatment with oral antibiotics such as erythromycin for at least two weeks . In severe cases of heat rash, you may want to seek your doctor’s advice about using hydrocortisone cream and other treatments under your doctor’s supervision. Don’t be alarmed if you find that you have to make multiple trips back and forth between the clinic and your home – just try to keep calm!
If there are no signs of infection, don’t let yourself get discouraged or lose hope since the rash can go away entirely without treatment.
Once a breakout begins, it is best not to panic, thinking that it will permanently leave behind scarring but instead support.
Heat rash home remedies for babies
- Ensure your child is in a more relaxed environment to prevent or heal heat rashes.
- Do not wear too tight or warm clothing. It is a good idea to keep breathable and loose-fitting cotton clothing on hand for the summer.
- When it’s warm, don’t put heavy blankets on your child.
- For older children, use cotton sheets.
- Make sure your child is not exposed to the sun for too long.
- Dry your baby’s skin with baby powder.
- Even in summer, cold compresses should be avoided if your baby catches colds.
- Bathe your baby with lukewarm water.
- Encourage your child to drink enough fluids.
- Give your older baby hydrating and cooling foods.
- You can use a fan or air conditioning to cool your child.
- Cucumber paste or cucumber slices have cooling and hydrating properties that ease itching and burning sensations and soothe your baby’s skin.
- Honey can be applied directly to your baby’s skin and left on for up to seven minutes before bath time.
- Wrap a soft muslin cloth in oatmeal and tie it up. Then dab your baby’s skin with the bundle after it has been soaked in cold water.
- Coriander paste can also be applied for 5 to 10 minutes, and then bathe your baby with lukewarm water.
- Aloe vera’s cooling and healing properties relieve itching and discomfort as soon as it is applied to the skin.
- Before applying anything, check whether it is allergic to your baby.
When to call the paediatrician about heat rash in babies
If your baby seems to be going downhill or has large blisters, see a doctor immediately.
Ensure you consult with the right person if your child is allergic to any substance so it doesn’t lead to a worse reaction and course of treatment than required. When not prevented, heat rashes can turn into scars that remain visible even after they have healed completely, making the process scarier for both mother and father because they think those ugly red marks are permanent.
Heat rash in infants during winter
Heat rash on babies during winter can be caused by dry air, lack of hydration and over-the-counter medicines such as acetaminophen.
Heat rash is a skin ailment that is more common in infants who constantly change their diapers and are very hot or sweaty. If you’re wondering what to do if you think your baby has a heat rash, make an appointment with a doctor. While heat rash isn’t a serious health issue by itself, it needs to be diagnosed by a doctor to be treated effectively. Without proper treatment, heat rash might not go away and may worsen. So if your baby has a skin rash that looks similar to other conditions, make an appointment and get it checked out!
Frequently asked questions
Does a heat rash spread?
A heat rash is not contagious and will only spread if the baby has an underlying skin condition, such as eczema. If your baby has had a heat rash, try to keep them as cool and moist as possible. This will help the rash heal faster.
Can heat rash look like pimples?
No, a heat rash does not generally look like pimples.